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African quinine tree

Quinine "The Peruvian bark of which the Jesuites powder is made, is an excellent thing against all sorts of Agues," -William Slamon, Synopsis medicinae (1671) The pharmaceutical compound known as quinine comes from the bitter bark of a high altitude tree native to South America.

The Quinine tree is frost sensitive and requires regular watering. It is a beautiful, fast growing, evergreen tree. Rauvolfia caffra has a dense canopy of large, bright-green leaves. It is an excellent shade tree. Quinine tree exhibits a neat, upright growth form with a root system that is somewhat aggressive.
Severe malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in under-fives in sub-Saharan Africa. Recently quinine has been replaced by artesunate as the first-line drug in the treatment of severe malaria in Cameroon. Artesunate has been shown to be cost-effective in African children, but whether these findings are transferable to Cameroonian children remains to be explored.
Botanical Name Family Rubiaceae Cinchona species Common Names Quinine, Peruvian Bark, Jesuit's Bark, Fever Tree Spanish: Quina Roja, Quina Rojo, Chincona Cautions Some such sensitization can occur as eczema and itching. Because of the possibility of thrombocytopenia, care must be taken when administering the herb with other medications known to produce the same effect.
Gardenia thunbergia was the first of the South African gardenias to be known to botanists, and was introduced to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in London, in 1773. The gardenia family (Rubiaceae) is a large, cosmopolitan family containing 630 genera and 10 200 species. This family's greatest claim to fame is the South American quinine tree ...
Quinine extracted from cinchona bark remained the top treatment for malaria until 2006, when the WHO replaced it with artemisinin combination therapies (ACT) as the go-to drug of choice. Despite the debates over effectiveness, side effects and resistance swirling around malarial medicines, these cures, and so any others, largely remain out of ...
The cinchona tree, whose bark yields quinine for malaria treatment, is native to Peru. However, the Dutch and British exported seeds and trees to their colonies, including Java and Africa. In a Facebook comment on the post Malaria in the 19th Century , Noma Petroff described visiting a small quinine plantation on Idjwi Island, in the middle of ...
Cascarilla is a species of Croton. How the Cascarilla came to the Bahamas is not known exactly. What is known that it is a variety of the croton plant. There are more than 700 different varieties of this genus of plant. The croton is native to Indonesia and Malaysia. It was first discovered by the Dutch in 1690, then brought over to Europe.
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Olea europaea is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year, in flower from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can ...
Origins of Quinine or Cinchona (Jesuit) Bark. According to the CDC, the cinchona tree was named for the wife of the Spanish viceroy to Peru, the Countess Anna del Chinchón. In a popular story the Countess fell ill with malaria in 1638, but the use of quinine proved to effectively ward off the disease.
The elegance of unique african hardwoods from the heart of Mozambique. ... From the same family as the Quinine tree, Mugonha has an intense, musty and almost smokey fragrance. The wood is oily with a beautiful yellow striped grain, and has had multiple traditional uses.
Oct 06, 2014 · The work also comes from the scholarly recognition that relatively few studies of African technology have been written from an African point of view. A more common perspective focuses on the Western technologies, such as guns and quinine, which helped enable colonial incursions on the continent.
Quinine is a compound with a bitter taste that is extracted from bark of the cinchona tree. The cinchona tree, sometimes called the "quinine plant," is indigenous to parts of the world including Central and South America, Western Africa, and the Caribbean. It was originally developed centuries ago as a medicine to fight malaria.
Contact Sandra at 084 504 1775. or Piet at 083 442 2112. or [email protected] Indigenous trees for sale at the Treeshop nursery, located on the Beynestpoort road, near Roodeplaat dam, Pretoria. (Gauteng, South Africa) e-mail: [email protected]
The bitter compound comes from the bark of the cinchona tree ... Dubonnet helped French troops in North Africa get their quinine while British officers in India cut its bitter taste with gin ...
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The foundation of traditional tonic water, quinine, is a bitter tasting alkaloid that is derived from the bark of several species of the genus Cinchona. Indigenous to South America, particularly ...